The diet for rabbit should consist of pellets, fresh vegetables, water, and fresh hay (oats, timothy, or alfalfa). Whatever you give the rabbit beyond this, is a treat, and you should restrict the amount of extra food, and just give it these treats occasionally.
Pellets are rich in fiber and should be fresh. It is advisable to buy pellets for just a few weeks in advance and not more, otherwise they might spoil. Remember that younger rabbits should be given more of pellets and as the bunny grows older, you can substitute the pellets with substantial amounts of hay.
Rabbit food should consist of fresh vegetables too. While shopping, buy a selection of fresh produce, and a combination of root vegetables and dark leafy vegetables. You must stay away from rhubarb and beans.
Pet rabbit food must also include hay. Hay is known to provide roughage, which in turn decreases the chances of intestinal blockages, hairballs and other rabbit health problems.
Feeding pattern: There are different quantities of food to be fed to baby rabbits and rabbits at different stages of growth. After a baby is born till the rabbit is three weeks old, the rabbit should be given mother’s milk. After that, till its four weeks old, the milk should be supplemented with nibbles of pellets and alfalfa. After that till the bunny is seven weeks old, it should be given more of pellets and alfalfa, apart from mother’s milk. Then from seven weeks to seven months of age, the rabbit should be given lots of hay and pellets. After the rabbit is twelve weeks old, you can introduce vegetables.
If you’ve got an older rabbit or a frail rabbit, then do supply it with pellets so that it can keep its weight up. If the level of calcium of underweight rabbits is fine, then you can give them alfalfa.
In general, if you plan to decrease the amount of pellets, then make sure that you substitute by giving them enough vegetables and hay. A variety of straw and hay is recommended for rabbits.
- Rabbits enjoy fresh foods. So make sure that you buy fresh produce and supplement a diet of pellets with vegetables and hay.
- Place the food in a clean bowl to prevent bacterial growth.
- Make sure that you provide your pet rabbit with clean and fresh water. Change the water once a day.
- Do not give rabbits foods that contain any chemicals, whether additives or in the guise of pesticide residue on badly washed fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Consult a vet for further information about rabbit food.