Allergic reaction and allergy symptoms, causes and treatment in dogs
Just as humans experience allergic reactions to certain substances, dogs too can have allergic reactions.
An Allergic reaction in dogs is generally mild, and the effects may be limited – allergy symptoms in dogs include itching, hair loss, some amount of localized swelling, respiratory congestion and diarrhea. Allergic shock however is a much more serious matter – it is a type of reaction known as anaphylaxis, in which the entire body reacts to the allergen. Anaphylactic shock is the most severe type of anaphylaxis and may quickly result in death in the absence of prompt medical attention.
Symptoms of dog allergies: The symptoms of allergic shock in dogs include typical allergic reactions such as urticaria or hives. This usually affects the head and trunk, although other parts of the body may also be affected. In addition to this however, the dog’s breathing will be affected – it will become rapid and the dog will appear to struggle for breath.
The heartbeat may speed up or it may become weak and irregular and the blood pressure will drop too. The dog will often defecate and urinate and there may be blood in the stools. Vomiting is also quite common. Without treatment, the symptoms will worsen and the animal will eventually go into shock. A severe allergy in dogs can cause convulsions. The dog may collapse or go into a coma and could even die.
Dog allergy causes: Due to the dangers of a severe allergy in dogs, it is important for every owner to be aware of what may cause such a reaction. Possibly the most common cause is certain types of food – you must, therefore, keep an eye out for any food that does not seem to agree with your dog. Insect stings can also cause severe allergic reactions and allergic shock, so if your dog is ever stung, you need to watch his or her reaction very closely and rush to the doctor at the first sign of an allergic response. Finally, there are many medications that can cause allergic reactions. Vaccinations often cause such reactions, so whenever you are getting your dog vaccinated, be sure that the doctor and the clinic administering the vaccine are capable of managing any severe allergic reaction that may occur.
Dog allergy treatment: Allergic shock is a medical emergency, and you should rush to the doctor should this ever occur. In the meanwhile, ensure that your dog is as comfortable as possible, with the collar loosened to allow better breathing. Try to keep the animal calm by stroking and talking to him or her.