Cat High Fever
Fever is the natural mammalian response to an infection that has gotten out of hand and requires all the forces of the body to fight it. Fever in cats is usually rare because they are quite able to respond to most infections; however, it does happen and could last for a few days. The normal body temperature for a cat is between 38 and 39 degrees centigrade (101 and 102 Fahrenheit) and anything above that would be considered a case of fever. Dealing with a fever in humans involves ensuring that it does not go out of hand by using anti-inflammatory medicines. Cat fever treatment is quite similar and involves ensuring that the fever is under control. Cat fever symptoms would include an increased period of resting, low activity levels, and any symptoms that are relevant to the root cause of the fever.
Fever is a natural response to many an infection that could at times be quite complicated. Fever occurs when the body’s thermostat sends out a command to various organs in the body to initiate a fever. The liver and the muscles are the first that get this signal and along with constriction of the vessels to the skin, the temperature rapidly increases. The signal to the thermostat – the hypothalamus – is give by pyrogens. These are a class of proteins that can come from with the body – as is the case in some cytokines and from the proteins of bacteria and virus. This is a dangerous situation if it comes from a pathogen. Viruses and bacteria have a protein outer shell that is made up of a liopolysaccharide, which acts like a pyrogen. In some diseases, like anthrax, these proteins cause such a high fever that it can kill the patient. Fever has some important uses and needn’t be treated if within normal limits. The high temperature that is associated with a fever is the first weapon against pathogenic infection. Some bacteria and viruses can only exist within a certain temperature range and the presence of just the fever is enough to kill off the microbes. Additionally, the higher temperatures also aid the immune system’s response serving as a better medium to get into action. Once the invaders are killed off and the pyrogen pump is shut off all returns to normal.
As mentioned before, fever is not necessarily a bad thing and having a fever reduces the mortality associated with infections. This is especially so in animals.