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Dog Eye Exam

Dog Eye Exam - Information on Dog Eye Examination and Vision Test

A dog eye exam is required on a yearly basis to check eye health and determine if there are disorders affecting the eyes.

Injuries, hereditary and illnesses can lead to eye damage. Some conditions can also result in pain, rupture and blindness in the eyes. A basic eye exam must form a part of your pet’s routine veterinary examination. Further testing may be required in cases of puppies and dogs that are about to be bred.

Eye testing may also be done to detect suspected disorders of the eye.

Dog Eye Examination and Vision Test

The type of dog eye examination depends upon the suspected condition or the symptoms being displayed by the dog. In most cases, a visual inspection of the eye and eye structures is done. The vet uses a lighted instrument and magnifying tool to inspect the eye.

The eyes may also be dilated by adding drops. Special drops are introduced into the eyes in case of injury or abrasions in the cornea. To check for dry eye, test strips may be used. To prevent pain and discomfort, the vet may administer numbing medication to the dog. There are also certain machines available which test pressure in case of glaucoma. Eye disorders can occur in dogs for various reasons. Some dogs inherit genes that make them vulnerable to eye conditions.

Some common hereditary disorders of the eye include certain types of cataracts, persistent papillary membrane and progressive retinal atrophy. Blood samples are sometimes evaluated to check for genetic disorders. The eyelids are also prone to some disorders which can lead to corneal damage. Therefore an eye exam also involves inspection of the eyelids. Some breeds are more susceptible to certain disorders. It is advisable for owners to be aware of conditions and disorders that may affect different breeds.

Diseases can also lead to eye problems. Lyme disease, distemper, parvovirus and dry eye are examples of such eye problems.

Cataracts may develop in dogs affected by diabetes or those that have undergone radiation therapy. Exposure to certain toxins can also lead to cataracts. An immediate eye exam is required if your dog displays symptoms such as redness in the eyes and eyelids, discharge or tearing. Blinking excessively, sensitivity to bright lights and repeated rubbing of the eyes can also mean that early eye treatment is required. A dog vision test is also necessary to detect blindness in dogs as most dogs can adapt very well to familiar surroundings even if they are blind.


  Submitted on January 24, 2012